1/ Alcohol by volume

(abbreviated as ABVabv, or alc/vol) is a standard measure of how much alcohol (ethanol) is contained in a given volume of an alcoholic beverage (expressed as a volume percent).

It is defined as the number of millilitres (mL) of pure ethanol present in 100 mL of solution at 20 °C (68 °F).

The number of millilitres of pure ethanol is the mass of the ethanol divided by its density at 20 °C, which is 0.78924 g/mL. The ABV standard is used worldwide. The International Organization of Legal Metrology has tables of density of water–ethanol mixtures at different concentrations and temperatures.

In some countries, such as the U.K and France, alcohol by volume is referred to as degrees Gay-Lussac (after the French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac), although there is a slight difference since Gay-Lussac used 15 °C (59 °F).

2/ 0% Alcohol by volume

Alcohol free, or non-alcoholic beverages, are non-alcoholic versions of typically alcoholic beverages.

These may take the form of a non-alcoholic mixed drink (a “virgin drink”), non-alcoholic beer (“near beer”) and “mocktails”, and are widely available where alcoholic beverages are sold.

Beverages with labels that state the actual alcohol by volume help citizens from unknowingly becoming inebriated or drunk drivers.

0% ABV Malt does not contain alcohol,hence it is not an alcoholic beverage.